On March 31, Azerbaijan confirmed that during the last days of Second Karabakh War in 2020, at least two Iskander ballistic missiles were launched at Shusha, a town liberated from Armenian forces, on November 6. Although the former Armenian president Serzh Sargsyan and current Prime Minister Nikol Pashinyan have both mentioned the fact of launching Iskander missiles at Shusha in February this year, the fragments from the missiles were found by the Azerbaijani side only in March.
According to the Azerbaijan’s National Agency for Mine Action (ANAMA) which also published coordinates of the location of two missile strikes in Shusha, the fragments found on March 15 contained serial numbers that identified them as Iskander missiles.
According to SIPRI records, only three countries are in possession of Iskander-E (export variant) missiles which have a range of 280 km: Russia, Algeria and Armenia. Russia remains the only country which has the Iskander-M variant which has up to 500 km range. The serial numbers on fragments of the missiles found in Shusha indicate that namely Iskander-M variant was used for strikes at Shusha. This is a significant development as Russia has not legally sold or transported the Iskander-M missiles to Armenia, and worse yet, might have violated international law by attacking Azerbaijan on behalf of its proxy Armenia from its military base or positions within Armenia.
This would prove once again that Russian is not an impartial mediator and should not remain as a peacekeeper in Karabakh region of Azerbaijan.
Please send this letter to inform your elected officials about Russia's belligerent activity in Azerbaijan and now in Ukraine.